Medical Conditions A to Z

Over-the-counter drugs, such as Imodium A-D, should only be used if absolutely necessary because it is important to let diarrhea flush out the bacteria or parasite that’s causing the infection. Begin eating normal meals within 12 hours, but stick to food that is bland and won’t irritate your intestine. Some doctors suggest the “BRAT“ diet which includes foods that are low in fiber, fat, and sugar. Conjunctivitis, an inflammation of the transparent membrane that lines your eyelids and part of your eyeballs, has several possible causes.

Some viruses also exhibit a dormant phase, called viral latency, in which the virus hides in the body in an inactive state. For example, varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox in the acute phase; after recovery from chickenpox, the virus may remain dormant in nerve cells for many years, and later cause herpes zoster. ObesityObesity is a chronic disease that affects more than 30% of adults and about 17% of children and adolescents in the United States. Obesity results from a combination of genetic susceptibility, biological pathways related to metabolism and body weight regulation, and environmental factors. These topics are common diseases and medical conditions that evidence shows may be strongly linked to environmental exposures. Brain tumor, breast cancer, colon cancer, congenital heart disease, heart arrhythmia.

Lung DiseasesLung disease refers to several types of diseases or disorders that prevent the lungs from functioning properly. Lung disease can affect respiratory function, or the ability to breathe, and pulmonary function, which is how well lungs work. Breast CancerApproximately 1 in 8 women in the U.S. develops breast cancer each year.

YPLL measurements do not account for how disabled a person is before dying, so the measurement treats a person who dies suddenly and a person who died at the same age after decades of illness as equivalent. In 2004, the World Health Organization calculated that 932 million years of potential life were lost to premature death. In an infectious disease, the incubation period is the time between infection and the appearance of symptoms. The latency period is the time between infection and the ability of the disease to spread to another person, which may precede, follow, or be simultaneous with the appearance of symptoms.

Sudden Cardiac Death in AthletesHow familiar are you with the risk factors for and common causes of sudden cardiac death in male and female athletes? Healthdirect’s information and advice are developed and managed within a rigorous clinical governance framework. This website is certified by the Health On The Net foundation, the standard for trustworthy health information.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that autism affects 1 in 54 children. Congenital Anomalies of the Genitourinary SystemDuring the elegant and complex development of the genitourinary system, a variety of congenital abnormalities can arise. Britannica Quiz Medical Terms and Pioneers Quiz Who discovered the major blood groups? MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing.

The external agent may be itself a living organism capable of multiplying within the host and subsequently infecting other organisms; in this case the disease is said to be communicable. Britannica Explains In these videos, Britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. Anyone, 6 months of age and older, is eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

Occur along with green or brown nasal drainage and sinus pain over the cheeks or around the eyes. Do not eat solid food if you have signs of dehydration (thirst, light-headed, dark urine). Instead, drink about 2 cups of clear fluids per hour (if vomiting isn’t present), such as sports drinks and broth. Water alone is not enough because your body needs sodium and sugar to replace what it’s losing.

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